The Molecular Basis of Increased Seizure Severity in the Fragile X Knockout Mouse

With a $50,000 grant from FRAXA Research Foundation from 2002-2003, Dr. Carl Dobkin and his team at the New York Institute for Basic Research studied the causes for heightened seizure activity in Fragile X mice. Results published.

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Studies of glutamate receptor trafficking

Studies of glutamate receptor trafficking

Robert Malinow, PhD, Principal Investigator Julius Zhu, PhD, FRAXA Postdoctoral Fellow Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory   FRAXA Award: $35,000 in 2001 While he was a postdoctoral fellow in Dr. Malinow’s lab, Dr. Julius Zhu carried out experiments designed to define the set of proteins which are affected in Fragile X syndrome and understand how they function together. In 2002, Dr. Zhu started his own lab at the University of Virginia where he is continuing his Fragile X work with new funding from FRAXA. More information.

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Prepulse inhibition in Fragile X

Prepulse inhibition in Fragile X

Alcino Silva, PhD — UCLA with Paul Frankland, PhD, FRAXA Postdoctoral Fellow University of California Los Angelos FRAXA Award: $27,000 in 1999 by Paul Frankland, 8/1/2001 Fragile X syndrome is associated with mild to severe learning disabilities, as well as attentional problems. In 1991, scientists discovered the gene (called FMR1) that causes Fragile X. In people with Fragile X, a defect in the FMR1 shuts the gene down. Like a defective factory, the FMR1 gene cannot manufacture the protein it normally makes. The gene is on strike! The discovery of the Fragile X gene lead to the development of the first Fragile X mouse model. This mutant mouse has been engineered to lack the FMR1 gene, and so, just as in people with Fragile X, no Fragile X protein is manufactured. Because the Fragile X mouse has been found to have learning difficulties, it provides a perfect test ground for

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Identification of Specific RNA Targets of FMRP

Identification of Specific RNA Targets of FMRP

With a $70,000 grant from FRAXA Research Foundation from 1999-2001, Dr. Robert Darnell and his team at Rockefeller University made significant contributions towards understanding how FMRP functions and how the brain is affected without it. Results published.

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Molecular Interactions Between FMRP and Protein Translation Apparatus

Molecular Interactions Between FMRP and Protein Translation Apparatus

With a $65,000 grant from FRAXA Research Foundation from 2000-2001, Dr. Claudia Bagni focused on understanding the specific molecular interactions which regulate protein synthesis, and how they are altered in Fragile X.  Dr. Bagni has moved from the University of Rome to VIB in Leuven, Belgium. Results published.

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Role of FMRP in Development and Maturation of Spine Synapses

Role of FMRP in Development and Maturation of Spine Synapses

With a $160,000 grant from FRAXA Research Foundation from 1999-2000, Drs. Menahem Segal at the Weizmann Institute and Katarina Braun at the Leibnitz Institute for Learning researched the development of Fragile X syndrom in a controlled, in vitro test system. Results published.

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Neural Network Model of Working Memory in Fragile X Syndrome

Neural Network Model of Working Memory in Fragile X Syndrome

With a $67,000 grant from FRAXA Research Foundation in 2000, Dr. Mina Johnson-Glenberg at the University of Wisconsin researched how long-term and working memory was affected in individuals with Fragile X syndrome.

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Melatonin Clinical Trial in Fragile X

Melatonin Clinical Trial in Fragile X

With a $60,000 grant from FRAXA Research Foundation from 1998-1999, Dr. Randi Hagerman and her team at the University of California studied the effects of different compounds on individuals with Fragile X syndrome, focusing specifically on melatonin. Results published.

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Transport of the Fragile X Protein

Transport of the Fragile X Protein

With a $123,000 grant from FRAXA Research Foundation from 1998-2000, Dr. Alan Tartakoff at the Case Western Reserve University studied how proteins communicate with the brain, how and when FMRP travels in the brain, and how to introduce more antibodies to Fragile X research.

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Characterization of Two Novel FMRP Interacting Proteins

Characterization of Two Novel FMRP Interacting Proteins

With a $30,000 grant from FRAXA Research Foundation in 2000, Dr. Jean-Louis Mandel and his team at the University of Strasbourg studied the function of two proteins to better understand the affects of the absence of FMRP.

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Synaptic Plasticity and Olfactory Learning in Fragile X

Synaptic Plasticity and Olfactory Learning in Fragile X

With a $40,000 grant from FRAXA Research Foundation in 2000, Dr. John Larson and his team at the University of Illinois Chicago used olfaction (sense of smell) in mice as a neuro-behavioral model system for human memory. They characterized olfactory sensitivity, learning, and memory in FMR1 knockout mice as compared to wild-type (normal control) mice.

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