Development of a Novel GABA-A Agonist in Fragile X Syndrome

Development of a Novel GABA-A Agonist in Fragile X Syndrome

Of the many genes known to be regulated by FMRP, the gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor A (GABA(A)), is gaining attention as a potential target for the treatment of FXS. Mounting evidence suggests decreased expression and functioning of GABA(A) is involved in the pathophysiology of FXS. Non-selective GABA(A) agonism in animal models of FXS has been associated with normalization of morphological features, GABA(A) expression, and behavior. However, the clinical use of these agents in Fragile X is associated with unwanted side-effects, such as sedation, dulling of cognition, and occasional paradoxical agitation, which limits their use.

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Development of a Novel GABA(A) a2,3 Agonist in Fragile X Syndrome

Development of a Novel GABA(A) a2,3 Agonist in Fragile X Syndrome

FRAXA Research Foundation awards $21,000 in 2013 to Dr. Schaeffer to analyze an investigational new compound that targets the GABA-A receptor. This study has led to a clinical trial of the compound, led by Dr. Craig Erickson at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital. Of the many genes known to be regulated by FMRP, the gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor A (GABA(A)), is gaining attention as a potential target for the treatment of FXS. Mounting evidence suggests decreased expression and functioning of GABA(A) is involved in the pathophysiology of FXS.

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